О планировании в Великобритании

Labour won the election with a small parliamentary majority in 1964. As previously arranged with Wilson, Brown was appointed to the newly created Department of Economic Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister in October 1964 through which they both hoped to institute long-term economic planning and remove some of the power of the Treasury.

Immediately on taking office Brown was told that the budget deficit for the coming year was forecast at £800 million, double what the Labour Party had predicted as the worst possible figure before the election. The leading economic ministers were presented with three options, including devaluation of the pound sterling, to meet the crisis. They decided on a temporary surcharge on imported goods. However, over the next few months Brown was persuaded by his deputy Anthony Crosland that ruling out devaluation had been a mistake. The pound continued to be under pressure in 1965 and Brown struggled over a 12-hour meeting at the Trades Union Congress to persuade the unions to accept a tougher prices and incomes policy, to which he was personally opposed.

The most important function of the DEA was to prepare a ‘National Plan’ for the economy. Brown became personally identified with the project, which helped increase enthusiasm for it among officials and the Labour Party, while also interesting the press. After nearly a year’s work the Plan was unveiled on 16 September 1965, pledging to cover «all aspects of the country’s development for the next five years». The Plan called for a 25% growth in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from 1964 to 1970, which worked out at 3.8% annually. There were 39 specific actions listed, although many were criticised as vague.

Following Labour’s General Election victory in 1964, the new Prime Minster Harold Wilson created a Department of Economic Affairs, headed by Deputy Labour Party leader George Brown. The purpose of the DEA was to prepare a National Plan for the British economy, which would examine every aspect of the country’s development between 1965 and 1970 with the aim of significantly increasing productivity. It intended to achieve this by co-ordinating the work of other government departments in implementing policies of economic growth, particularly in the fields of industry, the regions and prices and incomes. This Mining Review item concentrates on the plan’s likely impact on the coal industry.

National Renewable Energy Action Plan for the United Kingdom


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